A Letter to My Old friend,
Master of Liberalism,
Professor Hai-guang Yin,
Supreme Moral Law
Dear Suncrates (Zhi-shen), my old friend:
It is fate! It is destined! I was very glad of your impressive accomplishment since you transferred from the department of foreign language to the Institute of philosophy in your years at the Taiwan University. I am even happy that you have understood that thing-in-itself is inconceivable as Kant said.
Thing-in-itself refers to the origin, process and substance of all existences. Kant said that thing-in-itself is inconceivable, while actually he was embarrassed to say that there is no such thing. As in the Christian world at that time, if he had said that there is no thing-in-itself, he would lose his life. Therefore, he had to say that it is inconceivable, which was an academic refuge from the scholar-tyrants and religious authorities.
The philosophies at home and abroad past and present, including Buddhism, especially for those with great achievements, mostly formulate in the pattern like the essence, attributes and function, the dharma, retribution and transformation (body), and the true, the good and the beautiful, such as in the Mahaprajna-paramita Sastra and the Awakening of Mahayana Faith. Many interpretations to the Avatamsaka Sutra are also in the pattern of the essence, attributes and function.
However, according to my discovering and understanding, there is neither any 'essence' nor any 'emptiness'. All existences in themselves are merely in the union of causes and conditions, namely, arising, abiding, perishing and emptiness. 'Perishing' is the same to 'emptiness', which is in relative to 'being'; with arising, abiding and perishing, there can be emptiness. The eighteen emptiness in the Mahaprajna-paramita Sastra and the twenty emptiness in the Mahaprajna-paramita Sutra are merely compelled verbal elaboration of the hierarchy, intention and extention in their humanistic systems. Actually there is neither essence nor emptiness.
There is neither essence nor emptiness, then what is Buddha on earth?
It is clear in Buddhist sutras:
in everything and beyond everything
Buddha is in the Quiescent Light together with permanence, bliss, self and purity.
At the age of 48, in the inconceivable and inexplicable condition, Shang-te realized this clearly while superficially, but it is difficult to retain.
Now I am 82. with life experiences, I needn't lie for self-praise and fake to deceive the public for reputation, do I? I am incapable rather than inactive. You are my close friend, and you should know that Shang-te is incapable, incompetent, and indisposed to falsehood for life. Cheating and cheated, that is the human nature. It is miserable to cheat oneself for ever! Below the heavens is a LIE.
You have known that Shang-te has no strength for good, no courage for bad, no tricks for fun, even no chance like Yuan-zhang Zhu to view the Sun rising and falling from the ancient wall of Nanjing. The history goes up and down and the ordinary people suffer, so I always hope that China will no longer go up and down.
Since I was 5-year-old in the first grade primary school, I have joined in the flag raising and lowering, and bowing to Founding Father Dr. Sun Yat-sen and President Mr. Chiang Kai-shek, throughout my life. Nowadays all sides are destroying the Republic of China, and how about Taiwan itself?
Many celebrities say: 'Taiwan cheats everyday.'
My old friend, Zhi-shen:
Let Shang-te ask you, living in this way for over eighty years, it is miserable, disastrous, meaningless, isn't it!
Nevertheless, I can tell you that
a few friends with expertise in advanced science and humanities have known my
understanding of knowledge, and I am happy that you may also agree to several of
my understanding of life and knowledge.
Now I will talk with you about some philosophical problems:
Nietzsche's Philosophy of Superman, considerably matches Lao-tzu and Kwang-tzu's Thought of Transcendence; Socrates' Justice is the counterpart of Mo-tzu's Universal Love, with only minor differences besides major similarities. This is also the doctrine that there are Saints in the east and Saints in the west, whose minds and doctrines are identical.
The interpretation of everything in humanity with Sex by the great psychologist Freud was pretty good, and the whole Shurangama Sutra began with Sex. Moreover, Shakyamuni Buddha's Reincarnation Sutra talked about all creatures' helplessness in detail.
It is regrettable that:
Freud only realized the seventh Manas-vijnana (self attachment) in the doctine of vijnapti-matrata.
Max interpreted everything with Economy, which is also biased. It is quite right that Confucius said:
The desire for food and sex is part of human nature.
But Shakyamuni Buddha just cast off and overcome the human desire for food and sex.
It is more regreattable that:
Freud's great work the Interpretation of Dreams focused completely on the primitive sex, which may integrate with the alaya-vijnana (seed conciousness) in the doctine of vijnapti-matrata. However, he was totally ignorant of the Grand Dream of the universe and life, that dreams dream in dreams and essentially there is no dream. He was even ignorant of the Immortal and Virtuous men in Chinese Taoism, the Bodhisattvas and Buddhas in Buddhism, and Confucian Saints, who can transcend millions of dreams and the Grand Dream and convert to the Oneness of dream and awareness.
Following Freud, the development of western psychology regards the results from animal experiments as human, for example, the genes of rats are over ninty percent identical to human. But it is never known as well as no way to know:
human's pure consciousness.
It is quite a pity that Sage Kant knew only transcendental apperception rather than the pure consciousness, after his unification of the truth, the good and the beautiful.
From this viewpoint, the great Confucian scholars Chu Hsi and Wang Yang-ming are also far from perfect.
As to other secular cultural manifestation nowadays, considering many western lords lead by the United States, whatever are they doing except looting, exploiting and killing?
It's untraceable what the future humanities would be like and where it would go.
It reminds me of the Spring and Autumn Period, that 36 kings were murdered and 52 states destroyed. Fighting! Fighting! Fighting! Killing! Killing! Killing!
An extremly important word by Mencius:
There was no justical war in the Spring and Autumn Period.
It is pathetic that:
The killing world lead by the United States will continue to kill!
The essential problem is:
Lions and tigers are free once they are full. But human, especially those in the United States, are more occupied once they are full, and are more willing to kill off all people to freeze in the killing refrigerator to their satisfaction.
I write to you about two points:
First, people should be on bland diet, away from overeaten.
Second, humanities in the future world must be the integration of the reasonable, the courtesy, the practical, and the acceptable to all people. Parochial nationalism, selfish interest and unreasonable prejudice are impassable.
Generally speaking, all of the followings are of identical intention and extension: Confucian 'pure and still, refined and subtile', Taoist 'Yu-ching, Tai-ching, Shang-ching (threefold purity)', Buddhist 'pure self-nature', New Testment John 1:4, 'In him was life; and the life was the light of men.'
The Taoist Immortal and Virtuous men, are the same to the Buddhist Bodhisattvas and Buddhas, as well as the Confucian Saints. All of those are within transcendental Grand Love. Mo-tzu's Universal Love and No-War are even epitomizing.
Human history is full of discriminations, factions, and interest groups. None of the ancient great philosophers, great religionists and great scientists would care about such goddamned business and boredom that are vulgar and meaningless.
Therefore, Zen culture summarized human life:
Dress, meal, sleep sanely and innocently, with the lack of existence of an inherent self, lack of inherent nature of existences, little selfishness and desire, endeavoring assistance to others in the transcendent space and time, you will be in the Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss all the time. Such and such, thus and thus, and it will be alright. If everyone is like this, the world would be certainly in peace.
Therefore the solution to the world problem must be integrated on the great wisdom of Chinese philosophy, with obligatory arrangement and consideration.
For example, Zen Master Fu-an's interpretation of 'the characteristics of disintegration' is:
Away from disorder and residing on one's own position.
If this interpretation is true, Buddhism of 'all dharmas are empty of characteristics' would be failed, because 'disintegration' is 'empty' and there is no 'own position' for 'empty'.
His interpretation of 'disintegration' was thoroughly incorrect and illogical, using 'this dharma abides in the dharma's position, dwelling forever in worldly marks' which is of Buddhahood.
Actually, many interpretations are illogical because of verbal ambiguity, insubstantial language, and deficiency in experimental verification, such as essence, characteristics and function, emptiness and one's ultimate own position, etc.
It was in this way in the past, and it is even more worse at present.
Therefore traditional humanities at home and abroad require rearrangement and reconsideration.
You have great achievement in the unification of philosophical thoughts at home and abroad past and present, so Shang-te bows to your feet and says:
I admire your depth into the philosophy of Russell. To Shant-te's understanding, the integration of human essence of philosophies of Russell, Whitehead, etc, with human essence of Chinese philosophies, and further various universal human essence, is the only way out for world civilization of thinking in the future.
It reminds me of the Master of Liberalism, Professor Hai-guang Yin, whose achievement in thinking is:
Morals, Freedom, and Democracy.
For Professor Yin,
He had realized that:
Morals are the Supreme Laws, the first of all.
Therefore he placed morals ahead of freedom and democracy. Because freedom and democracy without morals are absolutely cheating to exploit and control people, and the United States has always played with this to cheat people and disturb the world.
Shang-te is the translator of liberal and democratic masterpieces like the Open Society and Its Enimies, the Philosophy of Freedom, the Road to Serfdom, the Analysis of the Revolution, the Charter of the United Nations, and the Declaration of Human Rights, and has profoundly understood what are true freedom and democracy, that are interlinked with the highest moral.
The cremains of my advisor Hai-guang are hold with devotion by me to the Freedom Cemetery at Taipei.
Shang-te would like to convert to Liberal and Democratic Master Advisor Hai-guang Yin generation after generation. I can't help crying with tears in my eyes:
Shang-te is in reverence and cherishing memory of you
Reverence for your dauntless heroism
Cherish your selflessness
And Even Aspire to your eternal pursuit of
Fairness, Justice and Equity
of All Mankind.
Let me cry three times again:
Besides crying for professor Yin, Shang-te would like to ask:
As to the so called liberal and
democratic nations in the world today, where are your morals?
You only exploit in ignorant looting, and continue your ignorance in exploiting. Because exploiting inevitablely leads to ignorance, and ignorance is destined to loot and exploit.
This-ism, that-ism, whatever-ism?
If there is true Communist, it must be of true morals. Communist of true morals, and morals of true Communist, are absolutely aspired to and pursued by the Liberal Master, Advisor Yin.
Professor Hai-guang Yin,
Supreme Moral Law,
Whose Freedom and Democracy Are Based on Morals.
Shang-te in Secluded House, Taiwan