Words of Chan
Master Chang Shangte
Translated by Translation Team
Chapter Four 04.01 Starts with Your Own Truthfulness
While in an unrest society, you are not in disorder;
While in a world filled with bitterness, you take it and suffer it plainly;
All people tell lies among one another, yet you do not do that;
All people are dazed, yet you are comprehensively clear-minded;
These are all associated with arising and utilization from your own and are deemed genuine truthfulness.
Chapter Four 04.02 Birds in the Same Nest
We alike birds, are in the same nest, yet fly solitarily when condition ends; who else can escape the cycle of birth, aging, illness and death?
Ah! Wishing one would just anticipate and assume all of it; avoid being bothered by yourself. Do not bother others nor be bothered by others.
互磋 互勵 互勉。
Chapter Four 04.03 Proverbs of Dharma Court
Interacting with others sincerely,
Conducting business honestly,
Living simply and ordinarily day by day,
Facing the matter of death clearly and plainly,
Learn, encourage, and motivate mutually among one another.
Chapter Four 04.04 Truth of Humanities
There is only karma and habits, and not so much rightness or wrongness.
If everything is thrown out of order and regresses to exactly the humanistic truth; “Avataṃsaka-sūtra”, the foremost sutra, said: the world is originally sinful; it all depends on patience and pardon, so it needs not to be sad.
People must go beyond the scenario of "Li Sao” or “Encountering Sorrow.”
第四篇04.05 大病 -- 隨順
Chapter Four 04.05 A Major Illness – Take It Naturally
At beginning people feel insecure, which turns to an unstable state physically and mentally, further causing mindset, intent and desire (a broad sense) to become increasingly incapable to adapt and powerless to deal with people and things in daily life which brings anger, hatred, hostility, etc.. Eventually it becomes a major illness.
Conclusion: let it take its own course, to be ill is not to be ill.
Chapter Four 04.06 The Universe
No swaying on own principles against dominating authority
No envying people or things relating to monetary treasures,
No coveting sexual fascination,
No evading difficulties,
No lingering around matters of joyfulness,
Let spirit regress to the cosmos,
Let soul cohere with Buddhas and Bodhisattvas,
If you can do beneficial activities, do it,
If it is not beneficial, then stop doing it.
Accordingly, you embrace the universe with the slightest affection in the boundless scope, and you simultaneously are encompassed entirely by the universe.
Chapter Four 04.07 Put it Down
I'm not missing anything,
What I’m really missing is still:
That I have not fully been released,
I've been lying to myself.
Chapter Four 04.08 Dharma
Dharma is fully covered by these two essentials:
First, no Self ego: Self ego is accompanied by habits, anxiety and agony;
Second, no distinction: Distinction inevitably brings in the unwanted truth and false.
Chapter Four 04.09 Cause and Effect
Cause and effect has nothing to do with any affections and rationale;
Where there is a chicken, there is an egg, and vice versa;
Asking where they are originally from is both foolish and meaningless.
Chapter Four 04.10 Proverb of Sixteen Words
One shall be in sincerity, diligence, thrift, honesty, genuineness and conscience,
These merits are what the ancient sages, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas made their best efforts on.
Bear in mind this proverb,
It applies throughout your entire life.
Chapter Four 04.11 Magnanimity
Buddha is the highest spiritual achievement,
As a model,
Not an object,
It should not be treated as an idol for chasing,
People should go to their own origin and refrain from looking for idols.
Chapter Four 04.12 You Did It
You are your own condition (pratyaya),
You are your own cause (hetu),
Nothing is caused by others, but by yourself,
No one can alter it at all.
Chapter Four 04.13 Desire
Do not over emphasize the importance of your existence,
Thus you can stay away from disorder and delusion.
Once "desire" pops up, you will be dissatisfied with the status quo, and this is the reason for baby crying.
Living life, who does not cry?
Once you no longer cry, you have hope.
Chapter Four 04.14 Positioning
Positioning is the most critical course of human being:
Ultimately who are you? What do you want?
Ultimately what of your extreme can you do?
Ultimately who or what do you look up to?
Without positioning, people are drifting and unstable.
Positioning is an achievement in the pursuit of truth.
Chapter Four 04.15 Transformation of Wisdom of Universality
To introspect our existence whether or not it is revolving in around distinguishing superiority or inferiority, good or bad, right or wrong, and people or self.
Therefore the seventh consciousness (manas, which is to always blindly persist and execute the ego idea) has to be transformed into wisdom of universality, (samatājñāna), as all things originated with no distinction.
Bono engage in “differentiation."
阿賴耶識（生命的根根 - 種子識）甚深甚細的原因：
Chapter Four 04.16 Transmigration of the Six Indriyas
Alaya (Life roots - seeds consciousness) is a very profound and subtle subject to comprehend:
First, the sentient beings fail to be in quiescence.
One, transmigration (saṃsāra) of the six sense-organs (indriyas) : The functions of eye, ear, nose, tongue, body and mind always keep flowing, returning back and forth, and demanding more and more needs; that slip into the pitfall of distinction, therefore people can not return to their own quiescence
Second, a sudden breakthrough in mental and physical insanity is a realization of enlightenment or Bodhi.
If the six sense-organs no longer flow and return, people therefore can go beyond them and further have them be interoperated in the realm of quiescence.
本無生死，本來孤獨、寂寞 - 生是自己生，死是自己死。
Chapter Four 04.17 An Evil Way
Originally not a thing in existence is being causally produced and extinguished.
Originally not a matter of life and death, it is being there, lonely and solitarily – live for own life and die for own death.
Transcend the aforementioned four supreme laws and go into quiescence, otherwise one will enter an evil way.
To obtain beauty of existence, one needs to transcend all evil existence; the genuine beauty is the “non-existence”, and the “non-existence” is not-self (the ego) in essence.
Chapter Four 04.18 Concession
Influences from the existing condition is stronger than that of an individual,
Reality wins it all,
No use to be tenacious,
Conceding to all of it is the only solution.
Just before death of Zhu Yuanzhang, the Hongwu emperor of Ming dynasty, he shouted: "Stop, the sun." Shouting for a long time, the sun was down as usual! Thus he said: "The sun rose up from Nanjing Purple-Gold Mountain, and went down in the Purple-Gold Mountain." Then he passed away. At palace of Nanjing, the emperors throne and dethrone, and finally will be gone like the sun set in the west. Yelling or screaming for help is like farting and is no use at all in your life. Knowing uselessness of "fart" is one sided; knowing the genuine usefulness of "fart" is a superior viewpoint of experts, therefore great doctors often ask patients: Do you fart yet?
Chapter Four 04.19 Wisdom
Living life is to face difficulties and bitterness.
No escape, no resistance,
But adjusted wisely, letting others slap your left cheek and right cheek, is just a temporary convenience. If you beat others, you will be dead for sure; hatred is the deep pit of death.
Chapter Four 04.20 Habits
The intrinsic character of existence is habit (karma),
The nature of the desire to live is derived from the same roots of habit.
How to deal with it then?
Tell yourself: be patient.
How to be in a state of "patience"?
How does sincerity emerge?
What is to believe?
Abide by the Buddha and clear up all habits.
Believe in Buddha, yet unable to knock down all habits, will doomed to a failure. This is why Neo-Confucionists of Song dynasty emphasize the importance of temperament changes.